BIODIVERSIDADE ACREANA
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BIODIVERSIDADE E SOCIODIVERSIDADE ACREANA SOB A ÓTICA CIENTÍFICA
11 de março de 2008
Cows versus rubber: Changing livelihoods among Amazonian extractivists
Geoforum
Volume 38, Issue 6, November 2007, Pages 1233-1249
Theme Issue: Geographies of Generosity

David S. Salisburya, Corresponding Author Contact Information, E-mail The Corresponding Author and Marianne Schminkb, E-mail The Corresponding Author

aGeography and Environmental Studies Program, University of Richmond, Richmond, VA 23173, United States
bTropical Conservation and Development Program, Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida, 319 Grinter Hall, P.O. Box 115530, Gainesville, FL 32611-5530, United States
Received 31 May 2006; revised 3 March 2007. Available online 4 June 2007.

Abstract

The livelihood strategies of former rubber tappers in the Amazonnext term region are rapidly shifting from extraction of non-timber forest products to mixed systems based on agriculture and small scale cattle ranching. Using a combination of participatory methods and Geographical Information Systems, a case study in western previous termAcre, Brazilnext term explores how rubber tapper livelihood strategies may be changing, and the implications of these changes for land use and forest cover. Field (cattle pasture and agriculture) expansion and the decline of forest extractivism present challenges to many regional conservation and development projects such as sustainable settlement projects and extractive reserves seeking to develop forest-based livelihood alternatives to limit deforestation. Sustainability goals require researchers and policy makers to address the still experimental status of these forest-based organizational units, the heterogeneity and dynamism of extractivist livelihoods, and the necessary importance of small-scale cattle ranching for insurance and income generation among many former and current extractivists.

Keywords: Amazonia; previous termBrazilnext term; Cattle; Conservation; Extractivism; Extractive reserves

Article Outline
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Fig. 1. Map of the state of Acre in the Brazilian Amazon.

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Fig. 2. Triunfo community income sources in 1990, 2000 and 2010 (forecasted).

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Fig. 3. Triunfo land use by area in 2000 and 2010 (forecasted).

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Fig. 4. Model of land use for Triunfo community in 2000 and 2010 (forecasted).


Table 1.

Institutional contributions to the formation and consolidation of PDS São Salvador

DateActionInstitution
1994Grassroots organization formed by local farmersRio Moa Agricultural Society
1998Site identified for relocation of park residentsSOS Amazônia
1999PDS model createdINCRA
1999Agricultural credit made available for local farmersFNOa
1999+Socio-economic survey and participatory work begunPESACRE/communities
2000Environmental suitability studiesEMBRAPA
2000Field researchSalisbury
2001PDS São Salvador createdINCRA
2003Additional 25,000 ha added to PDS São SalvadorINCRA
2004Individual lots demarcatedINCRA

Sources: (Borges, 2003), (Câmara, 2002b), (Guerra, 2004), (Minzenberg, 2005) and (Valentim et al., 2000).
a Fundo Constitucional de Financiamento do Norte (Constitutional Financial Funds for the North).

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Nome: Evandro Ferreira
Cidade: Rio Branco-Ac, Brazil
Quem sou eu: Acreano, nascido em Rio Branco, Pesquisador do Inpa-Ac e do Parque Zoobotânico da UFAC. Mestrado em Botânica no Lehman College, New York, USA, e Ph.D. em Botânica Sistemática pela City University of New York (CUNY) & The New York Botanical Garden (NYBG). Me escreva: evandroferreira@hotmail.com
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O objetivo deste blog é publicar resumos, e, quando possível, links para os textos completos, de artigos científicos publicados e que abordem, direta ou indiretamente, temas relacionados com a biodiversidade e a sociobiodiversidade acreana. A fonte principal dos artigos é o site SCIELO BRASIL, ou outras quando indicadas. Havendo interesse por alguns dos artigos publicados no blog, sugerimos que os leitores entrem contacto direto com os autores.

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